Stewards Of The River Or Pillagers ?

reproduced in full with Mac Brown‘s kind permission, here’s a rant but it’s a good thought-provoking rant.

aimed at certain professionals in the fly fishing industry and other, as Mac calls them, profiteers, it’s about fishery welfare in the warmer months where water temps are simply too high and oxygen depraved to responsibly fish species such as salmonids that are poorly equipped to deal with the situation in it’s natural state and even less when they’ve had to also deal with having been caught.

now, most experienced anglers will know that once the water temps reach 68°F/20°C its time to back off but that’s not always the case. for local fishers who live in warmer climes and care to know, it’s a given but what about the well-intentioned novice or not-so-well-informed fishers or, traveling anglers ?
as an example, when i lived in Sweden the concept was completely unheard of as water temps tend to always stay cool enough even when air temps can be quite -actually downright- hot, and i’m guessing the same example can be equally valid for anglers in other parts of the world and all that leads us to the ‘Stewardship‘ part which is everyone’s responsibility. in my opinion it’s not just about setting professionals and profiteers right (actually, shaming sounds better… ), but also of sharing this information with those who don’t know. experience has taught me that if we take a minute, explain things simply with a good positive attitude, nine times out of the ten the message gets through and it’s readily accepted and everyone’s happy, specially the fish.

thanks again, Mac. keepem’ coming.


This short piece is my attempt to increase awareness about problems facing many of our trout waters, in my region as well as many around the globe. In our hemisphere, high summer water temperatures stress the local trout fisheries, and should be a sign to concerned anglers that it is time to leave the stream for another day.

Independent guides and fly shops who book trips should be ardent advocates for keeping streams healthy. But often they’re not. Conflicts arise because the summer tourist season occurs when most of our trout streams become stressed. July and August for trout fishing in Western NC is the off season! When the early morning water temps approach 70 F, it is best to look for something else.

Warm water fishing for smallmouth bass, perch, bluegill, is a better choice. Carp is one of my favorite species to target during summer.

Shops and outfitters who tell you different are profiteers, not stewards of the resource. They look at the short-term, since even they know that trout caught in 70+ F water have a very dicey chance of survival.

These profiteers actually hurt the resources they claim to love and protect! This becomes an ethical decision for those customers that are hell bent on trying to catch a mountain trout during the wrong season!

If you want to trout fish in July or August for vacation then head to Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, or Colorado! Fly fishing has more appeal in recent years, and now vacationers throw it into the mix of rafting, horseback riding, zip-lining, mountain biking, hiking, and many other great activities the Smoky Mountains area offers. The difference with angling when it is too warm is that in no way can it be good for fish or angler!

Shops and profiteer guides should be offering clients a change of species during the hot summer months. Guides can teach learning to read water, casting, rigging, stream-side techniques, and a host of other aspects of the sport.

This might provide opportunities like targeting Chub for learning nymphing techniques through the middle of the day. Chub provide plenty of subtle strikes just like trout! Here is a trophy from a few days ago on one of my favorite streams in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park with my 10-year-old son.

Excessive fishing pressure is an increasing problem on many delayed harvest trout streams, due mostly to the increasing number of new fly fishers as well as an excess of fishing guides and outfitters. There is a big difference between how much room to leave fellow anglers on a Delayed Harvest stream versus a wild stream. The wild stream requires perhaps a mile or more out of sight. On the Delayed Harvest stream that may be only a 30 feet. Delayed harvest waters receive many numbers of trout that tend to stay together when they are first stocked.

Often, local guides work when and where they can, through shops or other outfitters. Part of the issue is that these guides’ experience levels are all over the place. In my region, The Smoky Mountains, there are too many fishing guides. An Ozark term my grandfather used to say is “the market is glutted.” Many shops and outfitters just look for bodies to fill slots on their books, regardless of experience and knowledge of the area. In my area, guide prices range from $80 to well over $500 for the same trip on the same water.

The difference of what you come away with learning and also catching is quite obvious if you really do your homework first. In fly fishing especially, you get what you pay for.

Most area tourists would hope the local shop will give them credible information. And this is typically true in the Western states for the hundreds of reputable shops.

But, in my opinion, the Southeast is a circus show, with the exception of a few quality shops. People pay hard-earned money for a quality trip. The older I get, the more twisted our sport seems to be growing.

And it’s happening all over the globe. Social media — like advertising on Google Ads, Facebook, Instagram — can enable anyone to compete for clients in their region or create a website or blog by paying SEO experts for internet exposure! I am sure you have all heard that if it is on the internet “it must be true”!

The important question folks should be asking is can the instructor teach casting and line control to provide a drag-free float? Can they teach techniques that will stay with you for a lifetime of enjoyment fly fishing? Will your trip have guides that are enablers to improve your overall skill set on the stream? Will it be a mundane afternoon of bobber lobbing with hearing only the words “mend it, mend it again, mend it” rather than adjusting to the rigging and tactic appropriate for the moment?

Another important question –, regardless of skill, teaching ability, qualifications, certifications, does it even matter to the client? Is it only about who is the cheapest price overall? So this Disney approach to the sport is something that will take me a while to get my head around since I have pushed hard for very high quality trips for close to thirty years now.

It seems to me that down the road this has to “Make America Dumb Again” in regards to tourism fly fishing mayhem.

Mac Brown

Harsh or on the money ?

From an article written by well known Scottish angler Stan Headley a few years ago.

” I think that the rainbow trout fisheries have done a lot of harm to the brown trout fisheries,  People coming to the sport of fly-fishing tend to come via the rainbow fisheries. There, they find a totally artificial environment designed to provide fish for fishermen who, let’s face it, are generally of limited ability. OK, they may be very good at what they do, but it’s like comparing someone who knows his back garden intimately with someone who travels around the World.

The rainbow trout fishery environment produces anglers who believe:

1.   That handing over money is actually buying fish,

2.   That they are entitled to fish

3.   That fish are a commodity

4.   That it doesn’t matter what the fish look like or how they fight, as long as they are big

5.   That it doesn’t matter how the angler treats them either.

The above distinctions do not apply to everyone who fishes put & take fisheries, but the overlying ethos closely resembles the above, and most certainly applies to most.

Wild trout fishermen never think that they are buying fish, only buying fishing with a good chance of a fish or two if they get it right. That is a million miles away from item 1 above. And items 1 & 2 are why so many people get seriously pissed-off when they go wild trout fishing and get stiffed more often than not.

When you catch a wild trout, you are more than likely the first person ever to catch that fish, and whether it is 6 ounces or 6 pounds it is an important moment in both your lives. That fish was not born to be caught, but was happily going about doing what comes natural until you came along and interrupted it. The realization of this tends to make you a bit more philosophical than the rainbow trout fisher who only feels he is a small cog in a big wheel of fishery business. Another ‘bow, another dollar!

When people come to wild trout fishing with a rainbow ethos:

1.   They expect fish

2.   They don’t understand why every fish isn’t a specimen

3.   They fail to comprehend that size isn’t everything and that some environments produce smallish fish, whilst the loch over the hill might produce monsters

4.   They don’t understand that what makes a good day isn’t simply weight of dead fish, but the camaraderie, the environment, the sport, the means of catching, and wonderment at the natural, wild world and its products

5.   They fail to realize that just because they caught four the last time they were here, that they may catch sod all, or thirty, today,

6.   And when they have a bad day it’s because the management are spending the re-stocking money in the pub! Don’t let anyone suggest that the angler is not capable of getting his limit.

And the reason this is important is because such feelings and perspectives make wild trout fishery controllers (owners or club leaseholders) act very strangely. They try to satisfy people who are virtually incapable of being satisfied. Fishery owners start pumping in hatchery-bred stock to make the fishing uniform.

Wild fishing, by its very nature, can never be uniform, and when the fisher finally has his way and the fishing is uniform, it’s no longer wild. And instead of the wild stock being enhanced and supported by hatchery-reared stock, it is decimated by them, and more and more stockies get pumped in to address the problem of the disappearing wild fish.

Oh, god! I could go on all day on this subject. But let’s just accept that rainbows and hand-reared brown trout, and those that love them, should be kept away from wild fishing until they learn that fishing is about a whole lot more than a heap of big, ugly, dead fish. ”