mandarin_drake_2 Hans Weilenmann

while the human world is full of the other kind, this lovely Yuan-yang or Mandarin drake duo kindly sent in by Hans Weilenmann to share here are not only mind-blowing exquisite creatures to look at or of much less importance, something to get the fly-tying geeks all excited about but oh, i don’t know… on second thought, there really isn’t anything to say about these images that they don’t say by themselves.

mandarin_drake_ 1 Hans Weilenmann

be sure to visit Hans’ Flytier’s Page for what’s in my opinion the best and most varied collection of flies from tiers all over the world and here for all of his tying and tips and tricks tutorials shared on TLC so far.

Fly Tying- Slaney’s ShuttleCock Caddis

shuttlecock caddis Slaney:Weilenmanncreated by Paul Slaney, tied by Hans Weilenmann

“The Shuttlecock Caddis is an effective variation on the standard Shuttlecock design. This Caddis Emerger is fished either in tandem with a sub-surface pattern, such as the Backstop Caddis, or by itself during a caddis hatch – generally to devastating effect.”

i see this pattern as a caddissified version or at least in the same fly design lines of Bob Wyatt’s more than rightly infamous D.H.E. ‘Deer Hair Emerger’. as such, Paul’s design fits perfectly into the family of general, all-purpose, super-effective anywhere, anytime patterns any river fisher should have.
the cdc butts represent emerging wing buds to give the pattern a ‘just-enough’ caddis profile. when fishing it alone, left as such the fly will start its drifting life somewhat horizontally, should you want the fly to ride more vertically simply wet the wing buds with saliva to make it sit in the film. should you feel like the caddis hatch has switched off and there’s mayflies happening you can just snip off the wing buds with your nippers and resume catching fish.
sound good ? no, that sounds great to me ! here’s how to make it. enjoy !

a Strung-Out and Wired Olive Spider

ok, there’s nothing strung-out about this spider pattern but i just like the way it sounds…

on to today’s nifty bug tutorial by Hans Weilenmann; a quick look at Mike Harding’s A Guide to North Country Flies and How to Fish Them (a reference book on this style of fly i highly recommend)  a guide to north country fliesreminds us that apart from a few style-deviant patterns, NCF’s are indeed wet flies but they’re generally unweighted and are designed to fish dead-drifted on, in or slightly below the surface but traditions are just like rules and rules and traditions are meant to be broken, bent, corrupted and distorted, at least in a fly-fishy sort of way so, just as Harding’s Brassie Boa, Brassie Midge, Woodcock and Red Brassie and Copper Wire Dun (that one’s really yummy) that also have a wired body instead of the traditional waxed or unwaxed thread bodies, Hans’ version takes the same route by adding a little tiny bit of weight to what’s normally a pretty weightless fly. this extra weight shouldn’t lead you to believe these variants will sink the flies to the riverbed because they don’t, specially if there’s anything more than a slow current. on the other hand, they will go just underneath the surface currents quite easily and also help to turn over a team of two or three flies when the wired spider is tied on as point fly. of maybe more importance, at least in my eyes, the wired bodies will automatically add a little bit of flashiness, something that will be of great use to us when the fish are in a flashy mood or when getting their attention when they’re in sleepy mode.

as always, Hans gives good tutorial and this one’s no exception and now its time for him to take over. enjoy !

Fly Tying- a Blae and Black/Black Pennell two-in-one wet fly

[bley, blee]
adjective, Scotland and North England
1. bluish-black; blue-gray.

“Ye must be fair starving, Paul,” quoth she softly with her hand on my arm, and I daresay my face was blae with cold and chagrin.
‘The Shoes of Fortune’, Neil Munroblae and black McPhail

now, what’s interesting in this fly’s name is that it doesn’t have any blue components.

ok, black materials almost always have either a blueish or reddish highlight reflection when/if the light hits it just right but it doesn’t matter a single bit because i’m rambling about something irrelevant instead of getting to the point which is: this a f’n awesome fish catching and beautiful fly.

as for the two-in-one and noted in the vid, this pattern is a Black Pennell with a wing. the Black Pennell wet designed by Mr H. Cholmondley (pronounced Chumley) Pennell is a classic that shouldn’t need any introduction to anyone born since 1870.

“Quoting from Fly Patterns and Their Origins by Harold Hinsdill Smedly; “H. Cholmondeley Pennel, 1837-1913, English poet-sportsman and author of The Angler Naturalist 1864; Modern Practical Angler, 1873; The Sporting Fish of Great Britain, Modern Improvements in Fishing Tackle, and Salmon & Trout , 1885, of which he was also an editor, was the originator of that type of hackle fly known as the “Pennell Hackle.” He also originated the turned down eyed and tapered hook which carry his name.
His choice and recommendation of that particular type of hackle fly was in three colors: brown, yellow and green. The body, instead of being bushy or soft, was hard, silk wrapped and thin. The hackle, tied very sparsely, was a little longer than usual.
Although he probably did not realize it when he recommended these patterns of thin bodies and lightly dressed hackles, he started something, for many tiers now recommend and say “dress sparsely,” but he was the first to realize that a lightly dressed fly was oftentimes better than one too heavily dressed.” *

history aside, whether this pattern needs a wing or not to be effective is most probably anyone’s guess and not the fish’s. what it will obviously do however is give the fly a bigger profile and make it look like a bigger somethingoranother instead of a smaller somethingoranother. the good thing about including a wing is it can always be trimmed off waterside with our nippers when big(ger) isn’t on the day’s menu.

enough talk, here’s how to tie the beast. enjoy !

since we’re Pennelling today and variety being the spice of life and all that, here’s an anorexic version of the standard BP tied by superman-tier Hans Weilenmann. following Han’s method you’ll be hard-pressed fitting a wing in there but we all know this fly doesn’t need a wing…

* quote source: Fly Anglers Online

Fly Tying videos- Stew’s Glassy Spider

by Hans Weilenmann

a direct descendant of Stewart’s Black Spider, Hans’ variant will be it’s perfect companion for when fish aren’t interested in fashionable black and want something less Gothy yet still yummy.
hard to find simpler to tie, don’t hesitate to also make up a few in various brown or olive tones and as always in different sizes. enjoy !

Everything you’ve always wanted to know about CDC feathers. (but where afraid to ask the guy at the fly shop)

by Hans Weilenmann via Martin Joergensen at GFF ‘Global Fly Fisher’

in what’s the most comprehensive description of what makes these feathers so unique, Hans’ Tying with CDC article is a must read for any fly tier.


“The description “Cul de Canard” was reputedly coined in the late 1950s by French tier Henry Bresson for one of his patterns. The description has contributed to some confusion, especially when it was literally translated into English as “duck’s butt” or “duck’s arse” feathers.
CDC’s history in fly tying and fly fishing begins in central Western Europe in the 1920s and the dry flies used by fishermen living in the Swiss Jura Mountains near the French border. These patterns, generally referred to as Moustique (Mosquito) patterns, remained unchanged until well into the late 1970s.”

(just to set things straight, the feather’s official name is Croupion de Canard or ‘duck’s rump’. Bresson’s somewhat clever-quirky sense of humour later turned the name of his famous fly into Cul de Canard or, ‘duck’s ass’: cul being a rather vulgar term (at least in those times) for those lovely globes we cherish so much)


historical and frenchytude niceties aside, the Understanding CDC chapter is where we get to the nitty gritty with such goodies as the four feather types, why applying floatant to them renders them useless, harvesting, tips and tricks and how to select the right feather for its intended use.
fly shops all-too-easily sell us any old sort of cdc feather even if they’re all from the preen gland they vary greatly in stem size (flexibility and strength), fibre position and length.  safe to say this explains why so many anglers sometimes have difficulties getting the results that seemed so simple at first.

cdc types H.Weilenmann-GFF

“Understanding CDC
While the natural oils on the feather assist in repelling water, the hydrophobic properties and the structure of the CDC feather are fundamental to its floatability.
Feathers are completely made up of the protein keratin. They are built to be as light as possible in order to make the bird fly easily, yet are extremely strong and waterproof at the same time. Keratin in many ways resembles manmade plastic. One aspect is that it does not soak up moisture, or indeed oil. The oil can only coat the feather parts, not become an internal part of it.”

click either image to access the complete article on GFF. included at the bottom of the page is a step-by-step and video tutorial of Hans’ notorious CDC and Elk. enjoy !

the Backstop Caddis

backstop_caddisdesigned by Paul Slaney, tied by Hans Weilenmann

primarily designed as an ‘in the surface’ or drowned/washed-away just below the surface caddis imitation -something in my opinion that’s unfortunately missing from pretty much most angler’s boxes-  this pattern has all the right trigger points and profile to do the job and do it well. the Tiemco 2499SP is one of my all time favourite barbless hooks. an extremely well designed one that hooks up better than most and keeps the fish on until the fish is inside the net. for this pattern, it’s slightly heavier weight (than an average dry fly hook) will help it stay in the right zone. easy and simple to tie, here’s a go-to pattern well worth having and something i wouldn’t hesitate for a second to use even when there’s no caddis around. enjoy !

Copper wire and hare’s mask pupa

just to go out a little bit on a limb here and maybe mostly as a way of expressing my growing overall mehness at the view of so-called ‘realistic’ flies, specially the recent trend of ‘kit flies’, where wings, backs, legs, heads and whatnot are factory made and just applied on a hook by sheepishly following the manufacturer’s instructions…
today’s little gem by Roy Christie via Hans Weilenmann’s most excellent Fly Tier’s Page is a gentle yet humble slap in the face reminder that effective fly design is more about what the fish wants than what the tier wants. specially when that want is mostly geared towards getting a lot of likes on facebook…


Fly: Roy Christie, Photograph: Hans Weilenmann
Hook: #16 -18 wet
“Thread”: dark copper wire
Thorax: hare’s mask
Note: Take a pinch of hare’s mask guard hair. Dub it on a fine piece of dark copper wire. wrap wire along hook & finish.

first shown to me by Roy in situ on a wee burn in Northern Ireland a few years ago, outside of being an excellent trout tempter because it looks like an emerging mess which is what emerging pupae messes happen to look like, the other too-cool and charming aspect of this design is you simply carry a matchbox-sized container with some hooks, wire and dubbing on the water and make them as needed without any tools, which in turn gives us more time at home to spend pressing the ‘dislike’ button to realistic and kit fly posts on facebook instead of tying flies.

Roy'n Me weeburn 2010

Roy tells me the fly on the image is ages old so, if we squint a little when looking at it we’ll loose the ghastly barb’s details…

Spider Perfection

what else is there to say ?

Moorhen & Gold by Hans Weilenmann 

moorhen_gold Hans Weilenmann

Hook: Grip 14723BL #14
Thread: Pearsall’s Gossamer silk (Antique Gold)
Hackle: Moorhen marginal wing covert – one side stripped
Body: Tying silk

The Midnight Stalker

although the fly’s name might conjure up spooky visions of things that go more-than bump in the night, today’s new tying tutorial from Hans Weilenmann isn’t all that scary but instead a really nice wet fly more than worthy of consideration.

what makes it really nice ? well, its got a cool name to start with and then its black, and then it’s simple to tie, and it’s on a barbless grub hook, and that it has just the right proportions, and that it’ll look extremely buggy when wet, and then all of that tells me that this is not only a good one but a really good one and a really good one all year long for several species. if for some reason black doesn’t do it for you go ahead and change the colour scheme. you’ll probably catch less fish but then fishing isn’t all about catching fish, from what i hear… 

and if you’re feeling nostalgic of past Halloween Raves you could always listen to these appropriatly-titled sounds while wrapping the black wire body. enjoy !

Fly Tying- the Split Thread Technique

by Hans Weilenmann
if you liked Dennis Shaw’s most fantabulous Fly Tying: A Complete Dubbing Techniques Tutorial then you’ll most certainly enjoy this new video. showing us the very same thread-splitting technique but in video form will help those who still might have a few difficulties in assimilating this technique to their bag of tricks.

keep in mind that as explained here, the more turns of thread we put around a hook the more we tighten the thread. (at least for right-hand tiers wrapping away from themselves: don’t worry, the vast majority of us tie this way. we’re not freaks !)
in other words, we might have to un-spin the thread before being able to flatten and split it. Hans, with his exemplary, minimal thread-wrap method of tying will automatically have less ‘problems’ with this than those who add more wraps. it’s not really a problem though as long as we’re aware of this tightening and un-twist accordingly.

on a personal note, the only ‘sort-of-negative’ aspect i can find to the split-thread technique is the amount of dubbing inserted in the thread has to be just right. if we’ve added too much and have some left over at the spot where we’ve wanted to stop winding, we can’t just tie it off and cut off excess as when using a dubbing loop.
depending on the materials used and how much we’ve tightened the thread and if wax was applied, we can always try to pull out the extra fluff but that’s not a for-sure. so, until we’ve acquired the sense of the exact amount of dubbing we’ll need for each specific pattern, it’s best to ere on on the lighter side and simply add a little more if necessary.
as so often in fly tying,  less is more.

the KF (Krystal Flash) Buzzer

by Hans Weilenmann

even though they’re not really transparent, chironomid pupae have this gross, slimy texture and reflectance about them that makes it seems like it and that’s what makes Hans’ KF stand out from the somewhat recent vogue of epoxy/now turned to UV resin yet still opaque buzzer imitations that are branded just about everywhere.
Midge Pupait’s not like i’d say that wrapping the KF body is labor intensive as it just takes a little while but it’s the key element of this fly. allowing the slightly shiny hook to show through gives that ‘airy-lively-sexy (sort of)’ appearance the real bugs have. sure, there are other methods of getting the same visual results but they involve adding unnecessary layers and thickness to a bug that’s usually quite thin.
also, in yet another demonstration of ‘every wrap of thread should contribute to the fly’s construction’ philosophy, Hans’ great trick of combining winding the dubbing while simultaneously whip-finishing the fly is a great one to add to any tier’s repertoire. enjoy !

Fly Tying Tips- Tying Off Materials

an oh-so useful and out-of-the-box tip just out from Hans Weilenmann
we’ve seen this method many times throughout Hans’ great tying tutorials, however today’s how-to demonstrates in greater detail his rather unique manner of tying off ribbing, hackles and other materials.

this has several advantages over wrap-wrap-wrap and snip: since the material is effectively doubled-over, it’s completely locked in place with only two turns of thread. as explained, the first turn locks down both sides of the material by crossing it twice and the second jams it all together. brilliant.
of equal grooviness is the cut or worried-off (twisted) or snapped-off material bit that’s left is angled toward the the back of the hook instead of toward the eye, leaving  the space between the last material and the eye without lumps and bumps and unnecessary thread-wrap thickness to add on more materials or, nice and neat and thin to finish the head of the fly without having horendouly-horrible things sticking out of it.  brilliant.
enjoy !

Related articles

Gorgeously Wet

as noted before, i don’t like the finality aspect of the term ‘perfection’ but these three fresh and very stunning wet flies recently shared by Hans Weilenmann might just be the next best thing to it in the fly tying world.

Diamonds & Rustdiamonds_rust
Grouse & Quill

Krystal Palmer
krystal_palmerbe sure to visit Hans’ FlyTier’s page at Danica.com  for a wide variety of what’s most probably the best flies from the best tiers from around the World.

Once and Away

once_and_awayFly: Hans van Klinken, Photograph: Hans Weilenmann

” After a few attempts I decided on a tying a fly that I thought might be successful. It was with considerable interest that I tried it out. My confidence in it was established within the first few casts. In the same time as it had taken me to catch fish on the previous day I caught many more. I called the fly the “Once and Away”, since I had a great deal of difficulty in getting the pattern to float again after it had been dragged down by a fish. When I came home. I change the dressing to a better-looking and more durable pattern. To find a reasonable solution was not at all easy and drove me almost crazy. Finely after three months it was the thoughts behind the Rugged Caddis and Culard, which give me the answer. It is still funny to say and confess that just a simple cutting operation on the fly design cost me months to find out. Again I developed a pattern were CDC has been used against all rules. “

just goes to show that some rules are better bent…
here we have the origin of the ShuttleCock style of emergers from it’s creator, Hans Van Klinken of ‘KlinkHammer’ fame (and many more). featured along with the complete step-by-step of the original pattern is the story behind this most excellent fly and its design. great inspiring stuff indeed ! (and a reminder that duck roadkill should never be ignored)

click the pic for the full tutorial on Hans Weilenmann’s excellent site Flytier’s Page, enjoy !

meet Buzz

by Hans Weilenmann

Buzz h.Weilenmann

Buzz is just the way we (insect-eating fish and me) like them. scruffy, buggy, undefined silhouetty, heavy imprinty, fuzzy and translucenty.
Hans points out it can be either a caddis or stonefly imitation and to us it looks like it’ll in one way or another resemble just about any on-the-water bug, meaning that when you’re in that indecisive  “dunno what fly to tie on… “ mode, this one is the one to grab.
it’s also a pretty straightforward tie with just two feathers and no special intricacy involved in its making. its sorta like what a Griffith’s Gnat has become after centuries of evolution. it developed a shape and dropped the dumb, fragile glitter-stuff.
the more we look at it the better it looks.

Cal’s Bird’s Nest

by Hans Weilenmann

HW birds_nest

as  noted in the video, this very light wingless-wet/nymph combo designed in the 50’s by Cal Bird is sure to be the one to pick when trout and similar fish are slurping bugs in the film or just below.
it’s scruffy, buggy, somewhat indistinct, very lively when wet and yummy. a lot of good elements i’d say.
as always, here’s an excellent tutorial demonstrating fine techniques well worth paying special attention to from Monsieur Weilenmann, enjoy !

related articles

Connemara Black Variant

by Hans Weilenmann

i don’t know why but i like this style of traditional Loch wet flies. a lot.connemara_black_variant

it’s not the traditional aspect because in a way i couldn’t care less about traditions so i guess the appeal is that something about them says fish-magnets and they are just that. some of these patterns are just as effective now as they where when created more than a hundred years ago, (which is a dangerously-close-to-traditionalist’s statement… ) but for the moment i’ll just leave it at that and let you enjoy this fine tutorial by Master Hans while i think of what tradition may or may not mean.

related articles

Contrasting Nymphs

one very realistic rendition
contrasting nymph 1

and one that catches fish.

apart from being a gorgeous drawing i couldn’t say exactly what species the top one is in the Ephemeroptera/mayfly world but it isn’t a baetis as these only have two tails.
i guess my point is that in fly selection we have basically two choices. either we decide the fish will only be interested in eating something that very closely resembles the original or we decide to use something that may or may not suggest these same bugs but there’s a few key elements that grab their attention enough to open their mouths and munch them without fear.
i’ll take the latter any day and it’s not about not wanting to tie precious realistics and the ensuing fear of losing them or the time needed to make them or hunting down the right materials or whatever but rather that in my eyes at least, the more tiers try to exactly reproduce insects the farther away they get from actually reproducing them. most will display their flies by themselves and the average angler wows and oooo’s with synesthesia ummm, the thought of what a bug should look like but when placed besides a natural, the latter rightfully hides in shame. poor bugs, poor anglers but the fish at least get a laugh.

well ok, this wasn’t intended to start off as a rant but you know, things happen. bless their gullible souls.
anyway… !  Han’s new tying tutorial shows us how to tie this groovy, simple-to-make trout candy that falls neatly into the second category. enjoy !

tip: the same basic build with a pinch of marabou as the tail would make an awesome damsel imitation.

related articles

What is a Flymph ?

Skues Medium-Olive-Nymph-if nothing else it sounds pretty cool but let’s dig a bit more.

“Vernon S. “Pete” Hidy coined the term flymph. What is a flymph? A flymph is a hatching insect be it mayfly, caddisfly, midge, or stonefly that according to Pete Hidy is in the stage of metamorphosis “changing from wingless nymphs to flies with wings”. These flies are historically fished with a across and downstream technique that allows the current to naturally swing and raise the fly up to the surface in front of a rising or holding fish in a manner that activates the soft hackle collar and body materials effectively imitating life in the ascending artificial fly. The attraction of these flies is that not only do they look natural but they behave natural as well. They have movement; they have the appearance of life.”

now, the last part to me is probably the key element when considering constructing these flies: “the appearance of life’ (even though the real bugs could be stillborns or spents, their leg/body/wing parts would still move throughout the drift downstream)

“Traditionally flymphs are tied with natural body materials that will undulate in the currents. These body materials include hare’s mask, peacock, muskrat, mole, squirrel, and other natural fur with guard hairs. Shaggy body materials like rabbit, hare, and squirrel hold water well, sink quickly and also capture small air bubbles when they penetrate the surface film. These air bubbles create shimmer and sheen and look particularly similar to caddis pupa which uses internal gases to propel them to the surface or egg-laying caddis that dive underwater to lay eggs and carry with them oxygen bubbles for respiration. The hackle collars of flymphs are chosen with color and movement in mind to match the emerging wings, antennae, and legs of the ascending nymph. Soft, webby feathers such as hen, partridge, grouse, starling, woodcock, or quail are choice. These feathers absorb water and each has it own unique action underwater.”

such invaluable insights, want tons more ? click either pick for the full, well-worth-the-read article or The Royal Order of Water Buffalos  ooops ! i meant the TIBOTF logo here.

and since it’s the first fly you’ll see when you get there: the all-time classic inevitable must-have super-sleek Partridge & Orange spider,
partridge & orange HWhere’s a hot-off-the-press video tutorial on how to tie it by Hans Weilenmann. enjoy !

related articles

the Swamp Thing

swampthing drawing pretty hard not to be attracted by the name itself, once we get past the idea of some gruesome, gnarly and fetid man-creature we’ll also notice that Hans Weilenmann‘s version is also a groovy shrimp imitation fly. yum !

swamp_thing HWmost of the fly being made with pretty standard materials, the shell back(s) stand out from the crown as it’s made of eel skin. when wet this skin becomes even more translucent and takes on a very realistic appearance. i have several strips but they don’t look as nice and are thicker than the one used in the video so careful selection at purchase seems to be the thing to do to get the desired result. once dried, the skin can be quite rigid and it’s often a good idea to moisten it for a while before starting the tying process. although not exclusive to the species, i can see this fly being a great producer for seatrout.


by Hans Weilenmann


serendipity |ˌserənˈdipitē|noun
the occurrence and development of events by chance in a happy or beneficial way:  a “happy accident” or “pleasant surprise”; specifically, the accident of finding something good or useful while not specifically searching for it.

hard to find a better way to describe today’s tying video. firstly, the fly itself is a great all-rounder that’ll open up the appetite of any bug-eating fish but the big woW for me is Hans’ tutorial.
there’s only two materials and with two less-than-minor tricks we’re shown and explained how to get such a gorgeous body and lovely head.
it’s all in the details…

and just to stay in the cool-find-groove, here’s Jeff Kennedy‘s version of this famous fly.
enjoy !
52_32 Serendipity

getting low-down and Double-Dirty

as impressionistic and effective as it gets, here’s a minor variation of Bob Wyatt‘s classic Dirty Duster general emerger pattern and because more dirty is better than less dirty…  the Double-Dirty Duster (3D) is born ! originally created as an easier-to-tie version of his famous DHE (deer hair emerger), this pattern is anything but a minor replacement. the abdomen is still under the surface film but the thorax sits slightly differently on the surface, the clipped hackle underneath offers ‘spikier’ legs and the whole surface imprint is much wider and leaves well, a big imprint, something that might entice a fish if they’re keyed-in to bugs with that silhouette.

Hans’ 3D3D and Bob’s original DD below.

as noted in the video, Bob winds the hackle a second time back over it’s first direction whereas Hans winds just once but with a denser feather and slightly extends the thorax. whichever one will be a hard-core, all over the World proven pattern that sorry to be so repetitive, if you target bug-eating fish then this absolutely needs to be in every fly angler’s box. amazingly simple to make, tie it big to small and everywhere in between and vary colors schemes. follow Hans’ excellent video tutorial at the bottom of the page and you can’t go wrong. enjoy !dirty_duster_clipped

Less is More.

and here’s a very nice example of this tying concept with a “Little Devil” Sunray Diawl Bach by Hans Weilenmann.

‘over-dressing’ is just that. too much/many materials on a wet fly may be pretty when tied and photographed but looks like a ‘nothing-looking blob’ when wet. these blobs tend to take on the appearance of a dense water-drop shaped thing that in my opinion, is much closer to a micro-streamer than an imitation of the intended insect. they do catch fish but my experience tells me that the same pattern with a lighter dressing will get less refusals and more takes: more fish !
‘going light’ is one of the more difficult skills to acquire in our craft, probably because it’s so much fun to keep on winding or maybe that we want to get the most use of say, an expensive hackle feather: maybe we want to get ‘our money’s worth’ but often this will be counter productive. (and we’ll have wasted the material anyway… )
one of the better exercises a tier can do is tie up several flies of the same pattern, some lightly dressed and some heavier and fish them in the same situation and see the results.

anyhow, the bug above says ‘Eat Me‘, something all flies should say. enjoy !